Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei
MacClelland's Coral Snake
保育等級: 保育類 (第二級)
Elapidae, subfamily Elapinae
Elapidae, subfamily Elapinae
罕見蛇種。分部台灣全島海拔 1000 公尺以下。
Small snake; total length up to 98 cm. There are 13 rows of scales, which are smooth, glossy, iridescent. Head is broad oval and not distinct from the neck; body is slim, round; tail is short and ends in a chitinized point. Eye is medium-sized; iris is dark gray to black, indistinct since it blends with surrounding dark area of head, and pupil is circular and black. There are no loreals. Tongue is red to flesh-colored, with red stem and diffuse brown fork tips. Fangs are small, rigid, in anterior part of upper jaw. Upper head is distinctly marked with broad cream to white band across head behind eyes, and is brown-black to black anteriorly posteriorly while snout is whitish. Upper body and tail are red to rusty brown, with scales flecked with diffuse dark brown or black. There are a series of narrow, black, light-edged cross bands, some incomplete on the flanks. Ventral head is white to very light gray, mental and chin shields may have dark spots. Ventral body and tail are cream to light gray with black designs, irregular in size and in shape. Anal scale is divided and subcaudals are paired.
- Reptile Database
- Coral Snakes
- 一篇有關亞洲與美國眼鏡蛇科的種群發展比較文獻 - Higher-level phylogeny of Asian and American coralsnakes, their placement within the Elapidae (Squamata), and the systematic affinities of the enigmatic Asian coralsnake Hemibungarus calligaster (Wiegmann, 1834)
In The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters (Herpetologica 57: 233-245), Slowinski, J.B., J. Boundy & R. Lawson "analysed the phylogeny of oriental coral snakes (together with New World coral snakes) by means of both morphological characters and mitochondrial DNA sequences. The generic classification of these snakes has been subject to confusion and controversy for some time, with some species being assigned to the genus Hemibungarus, but without much robust evidence (see comments on Elapidae 1999 page). The present study identified three main evolutionary groupings within Oriental coral snakes, which the authors recognise as distinct genera:
(i) Calliophis, a tropical Asian genus including the species C. beddomei, C. bibroni, C. gracilis, C. maculiceps, C. melanurus, C. nigrescens, C. intestinalis and C. bivirgatus. Note that Maticora is treated as a synonym of Calliophis.
(ii) Hemibungarus, which contains the single Philippine species H. calligaster.
(iii) Sinomicrurus, a new genus, which contains a series of subtropical species: S. hatori, S. japonicus, S. kelloggi, S. macclellandi and S. sauteri. Both molecular and morphological studies support the hypothesis that this assemblage constitutes the sister group to the New World coral snakes.
(i) Calliophis - 分屬在熱帶的種類，包含C. beddomei, C. bibroni, C. gracilis, C. maculiceps, C. melanurus, C. nigrescens, C. intestinalis 與 C. bivirgatus.
(ii) Hemibungarus - 目前只有菲律賓有一種H. calligaster。
(iii) Sinomicrurus - 是一個新確立的新屬，包含了一系列亞熱帶的種類：S. hatori, S. japonicus, S. kelloggi, S. macclellandi and S. sauteri.在生物分子學和生物型態學上的研究支持了這個新世界珊瑚蛇的種類確立。(Source)